Mustard gebeloma: description and photo

Mustard gebeloma: description and photo

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Mustard gebeloma is one of the types of lamellar mushrooms, which is part of the Hymenogastric family. It is quite common, therefore it is often found between August and November. The fruit body of this species is classical in shape with a distinct cap and stem. The official name of the mushroom is Hebeloma sinapizans.

What does hebeloma mustard look like?

This species is characterized by a large size and reaches a height of 12-15 cm. The cap of the mustard hebeloma has a dense fleshy consistency. Its diameter can vary between 5-15 cm.

In young specimens, it is conical with curved edges, but as it matures, it becomes prostrate with a pronounced tubercle in the center. Overripe mushrooms have a characteristic waviness along the edge of the cap. The surface is smooth, shiny, sticky. Its color can vary from cream to reddish brown. At the same time, it is richer in the center, and closer to the edge it becomes lighter.

On the back of the cap there are rare plates with a rounded edge. They are initially beige and then turn light brown. Spore powder of ocher color.

The pulp is dense, fleshy, white. When broken, it does not change its color, it has a pronounced pungent odor, reminiscent of a radish.

The stem is cylindrical, thickened at the base. Its height is 7-10 cm. At the initial stage of growth, it is dense, and then becomes hollow. Its shade is yellowish white. But in the upper part there are small brown scales, forming an inconspicuous ring-shaped pattern.

Important! With a longitudinal section of the mustard hebeloma, you can see a wedge-shaped process of the cap, which descends into the hollow chambers of the leg.

Spores in this species are elliptical. Their surface is characterized by a rough texture, and the size is 10-14 by 6-8 microns.

Where does hebeloma mustard grow

This species is found in nature quite often. It can be found in conifers, birch forests and mixed forests. In addition, mustard hebeloma grows in meadows, park areas, abandoned gardens and meadows, if favorable conditions are created for its growth. It can grow both as individual specimens and in small groups.

In the world of Gebeloma, mustard grows in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. Therefore, it is quite common in European countries. It is also found in North America and Asia. On the territory of Russia, it can be found in the European part, in the Far East and in Western Siberia.

The fruiting period of mustard hebeloma begins in August and lasts the whole of October. In favorable weather, some specimens can be found in November.

Is it possible for gebel to eat mustard

This species is considered poisonous, so it should not be eaten. The toxic substances of mustard hebeloma are not fully understood, but deaths have not been recorded.

It is only known that this mushroom causes food intoxication, the signs of which appear 2-3 hours after ingestion.

Poisoning symptoms

When using mustard hebeloma, a person initially feels a general malaise, dizziness. Then characteristic signs of food poisoning appear, which are expressed:

  • nausea;
  • vomiting;
  • dry mouth;
  • chills;
  • cramps in the abdomen;
  • loose stools;
  • elevated temperature.

Important! Symptoms of intoxication can vary depending on the amount of mushrooms eaten and the state of health of the person.

First aid for poisoning

If you feel unwell, you need to immediately call an ambulance. While waiting for the doctor, it is necessary to flush the stomach to prevent further absorption of toxins into the blood.

After that, drink activated charcoal at the rate of 1-2 tablets for every 10 kg of weight. It is strictly forbidden to take medications other than absorbents, as this will distort the clinical picture.

Important! With timely medical care, the patient's condition is normalized within 2-3 days.


Mustard Hebeloma is a poisonous mushroom that can be harmful to health. But since it practically does not have similar edible counterparts, experienced mushroom pickers do not confuse it with other species.

Poisoning can only occur as a result of inattentive collection or unknowingly the characteristic differences of edible mushrooms.

Watch the video: Faith the Size of a Mustard Seed